The thyroid gland performs an essential function in our body, and the thyroid hormone is responsible for the regulation of the metabolism, as well as the growth and the energy of the body.
However, there are common issues related to the work of the gland. Namely, its high or low activity, leads to some illnesses such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
So, it is very important to know all about these terms, such as the symptoms, causes and the treatments, in order to prevent some health issues successfully. According to some statistics, 1 out of 20 people is susceptible for developing some kind of thyroid problem at some point in their life. Also, women are more likely to develop these illnesses than men.
– Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism
These two health issues appear as a result of the imbalance of the thyroid hormone. In order to prevent hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, there should not be a deficiency of its production, nor excessive.
The hypothyroidism occurs as a result of a deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the body. In the case of this health issue, the individual experiences the following symptoms: cramping, muscle pain, dry skin, trouble in concentration, excess fluid in tissues, thinning of hair, tiredness, as well as sensitivity to cold temperatures.
On the other hand, the hyperthyroidism occurs in the case of excessive production of this hormone, and it has the following symptoms: an acceleration of heart rate, diarrhea, irritation, anxiety, unexpected weight loss, sleeping trouble, nervousness, and heat sensitivity.
In some cases, when the work of the thyroid gland is hard, it can cause a formation of a large lump in the throat, as a symptom of lack of iodine, and it is called goitre.
However, your lifestyle is determining an influence on the incidence of these conditions. The following are considered the most significant triggers:
– Deficiency of Iodine;
– Accumulation of toxins;
– Metal buildup;
– Chronic stress.
What can also cause the occurrence of hyperthyroidism are the conditions such as toxic adenomas, thyroiditis, or Graves’ sickness. On the other hand, the hypothyroidism may be triggered by overexposure to iodine or lithium, thyroid removal or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
– Prevention and treatment
1. Proper nutrition
In the treatment of these issues, the proper diet is the fundamental and most important thing. For that purpose, you should avoid or reduce the consumption of sugar, processed foods, and refined flours, and you should also increase the intake of iodine, zinc, omega-3 fats, and selenium, because they promote thyroid health.
When you exercise regularly, the function of the thyroid gland is supported, so, exercises can help you substantially re-balance the production of this hormone.
3. Stress management
Prolonged stress causes exhaustion of the adrenal which leads to thyroid related issues. Because of this, you should engage yourself in some relaxing activities, as well as stress management programs, such as meditation, yoga, walks in the nature or some breathing exercises, as they will significantly reduce the tension and will also provide calmness and peace of the mind.
4. Heat therapy
The issues of the thyroid can also be treated by heat therapy, or sauna session, because these methods detox our body, and also eliminate the toxins which lead to problems related with the thyroid.
5. Nutritional supplements
Before you decide to use some alternative products in order to treat these kinds of issues, you should consult your doctor or holistic practitioner first. Also, you can find a lot of effective products, in order to maintain a proper thyroid metabolism.
6. Thyroid hormones
Your doctor should inform you about some effective thyroid hormone replacement therapy, in order to treat or even prevent these issues, and also support the thyroid health.
7. Prevent thyroid issues by preventing their causes
You should first prevent the major causes of the occurrence of the thyroid problems, in order to successfully treat them. For that purpose, you should reduce stress, treat allergies, heavy metals and nutritional deficiencies on time. You should also avoid some dairy products and gluten, which can cause digestive distress.