Because of the use of our hands almost all the time, wrist injuries are very common, but some of them may be a sign of another bigger problem. Wrist injuries can also occur as a result of inflammation, a broken bone, infections, abnormal growths and cysts and tumors. Not every injury is a serious one, but you should remember to pay attention to the signs and know when you should visit your doctor.
A swollen wrist may appear as a result of arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis as well as sprains, strains and bone fractures. Another reason can be a benign or malignant growth, so that’s why we recommend you visiting a doctor, if the injury does not heal yet. In the lines below, we are going to present you the main causes of wrist injuries.
Here they are:
Tenosynovitis is the inflammation of the fluid-filled sheath (synovium) which surrounds a tendon. The cause of the inflammation is usually by a microtrauma or stress, and it mostly affects those people that do physical jobs. The inflammation usually affects the abductor muscle and the short extensor in the thumb, and it can thicken the ligament, as well as damage the sheath (synovium).
2. De Quervain syndrome
This is one unusual disease, which causes soreness and swelling in the wrist, besides also causing cysts and nodules. The extensor ligament of the thumb is the affected part of the wrist and it has the responsibility of moving the thumbs up and outwards. The syndrome will thicken your ligament up to twice its size, so any wrist movement will be made extremely painful.
3. Nodular tenosynovitis
The causer of this problem is tumors in the hand. They can usually occur in the thumb, index and medium finger, but they can also be found in the wrist, hip, ankles, knees, spine and shoulders. These are commonly painless tumors, because only 21% of the patients have reported some pain.
Enlarged ganglions in the wrists are lumps related to degeneration of a synovial cyst or some other connective tissue or fibrous structure next to the joint, usually a ligament or tendon. This one may be connected with some past trauma, with 50-70% of the lumps on the wrists being gangliomas. Their usual growth is up to 2.5 cm. in size.
These are benign tumors in the wrists, which can also appear on the palm. They can be very debilitating and can also render you unable extending your fingers. They are always accompanied by pain, as well as with increased sensitivity.
The treatments for wrist injuries depend on the severity, as well as on the cause of the problem. If the injury is painful and annoying as well, it can be treated by using painkillers. But, if it causes bigger problems, a surgery may be required. This is the reason why it is important to recognize the problem on time and consult with your doctor for taking the appropriate therapy.