HPV, or Human Papilloma Virus is a virus that is mainly transmitted sexually, and it can affect bother, men and women. Some medical experts claim that HPV is responsible for cervical cancer, penis, mouth and anus cancer.
But, if you read this article, we are going to discover you how to protect yourself from this dangerous virus. As we already mentioned, we are going to teach you how to protect yourself from the virus, by mentioning some of the most important facts that you need to know about HPV. You will need to know how to prevent it, which symptoms it has and also you will need to know what to do if you get it.
First of all, let’s explain better what the HPV actually is. Well, Human Papilloma Virus is a group of viruses which can affect our skin, and also there are 100 different types of it. This was the explanation about HPV given by the National Cervical Cancer Coalition, or NCCC of the United States. In fact, several types of HPV cause common warts on the hands and feet. Most of the types are harmless and do not cause any symptoms, they just go away on their own.
There are 40 types of them that affect the genital area and are known as genital HPV. Up to 80% of men and women, will be affected with at least one type of genital HPV once in their life. Genital HPV types may be high-risk types that can cause cervical precancerous and cancer, or also low-risk types that can cause genital warts and usually benign changes in the cervix.
HPV is easily spread through direct skin to skin contact. That means that anyone who has any kind of sexual activity, involving genital contact, could get genital HPV, so it is also possible to get it without having an intercourse. And also, those who have HPV but don’t have any symptoms, can easily transmit it without even knowing that.
One person can be infected with more than one type of HPV. Another claim from some medical experts is that people can also get their first type of HPV infection in their first years of becoming sexually active.
Read the following 10 facts that you should know about HPV, and stay healthy!
As we already mentioned, HPV can be very easily spread by skin to skin contact, without penetration, so anyone who has any kind of sexual activity which also includes genital contact, can get infected with HPV.
You probably won’t know you have the virus, because it usually don’t show any signs or symptoms. Most of us can also get the virus and pass it easily, without even knowing. Our immune system is responsible for fighting this infection in our body. And also, many people that have the virus and don’t know about that because there are no any symptoms or signs of it, can transmit it without knowing.
Most of the HPV types are not harmful for our health, but also there is so called ‘high risk’ that can cause some changes in the cell structure of the cervix and become a cervical cancer. Benign (abnormal but non-cancerous) changes in the cervix can develop in women who don’t clear certain “low-risk” types of the virus.
Some latest statistics show that women having the virus HPV (high risk), have more chances of cervical cancer developing in the next 10 – 20 years.This is one of the reasons why all of the women ( including those who are not sexually active anymore) are advised to continue doing their gynecological exams regularly.
The National Cervical Cancer Coalition, for women over 30 years suggests doing the Pap smear test. It is a test which can detect abnormal cells in the cervix, which may lead to cervical cancer.
Also, infections in women older than 30 years, are less likely to be cured by our body, in a natural way. In order to cure it, they will need to get a proper treatment given by their gynecologist.
According to the National Library of Medicine of the United States (US National Library of Medicine), the cervical cancer can be 100% prevented, but only if it is discovered in its early stage.
Male condoms reduce the risk of direct skin to skin contact. But, female condoms cover more than male, they just reduce the risk of getting infected. However, neither of this two types reduces the risk of getting the infection completely.
The HPV type 16 is connected with some types of head and neck cancer.
One latest study shows that almost 30% of oral carcinomas are related with HPV.